Merging SimpleCov results with parallel Rails specs on Semaphore CI

If you are running Rails specs on parallel machines with KnapsackPro, one challenge you will run into is combining the code coverage results generated by SimpleCov.

This post will show you how to generate a report of the total combined code coverage after all the tests have executed. Here’s what the pipeline diagram looks like at a high level with unrelated sections blurred out:

Pipeline Diagram

Configure

SimpleCov

First lets look at the config file used for SimpleCov below. Note no minimum_coverage configuration for failing the build. This is because each node most likely will not meet the minimum coverage threshold on its own so it could lead to the build failing erroneously.

Also note, before_queue hook for KnapsackPro. This is the important piece, it will set a command name based on the CI node index so that the results are recorded against it.

.simplecov:

  SimpleCov.start do
    add_filter %r{^/config/}
    add_filter %r{^/db/}
    add_filter %r{^/spec/}

    add_group 'Admin', 'app/admin'
    add_group 'Controllers', 'app/controllers'
    add_group 'Helpers', 'app/helpers'
    add_group 'Jobs', 'app/jobs'
    add_group 'Libraries', 'lib/'
    add_group 'Mailers', 'app/mailers'
    add_group 'Models', 'app/models'
    add_group 'Policies', 'app/policies'
    add_group 'Serializers', 'app/serializers'
  end
  Rails.application.eager_load!

  KnapsackPro::Hooks::Queue.before_queue do
    SimpleCov.command_name("rspec_ci_node_#{KnapsackPro::Config::Env.ci_node_index}")
  end

So now when SimpleCov a creates a .resutset.json it will have a specific key depending on which CI node it was run in like the example below. This will be useful down the line when it comes to combining the results.

{
  "rspec_ci_node_0": {
    "coverage": { ... }
  }
}

{
  "rspec_ci_node_1": {
    "coverage": { ... }
  }
}
...

Semaphore CI

Below is the relevant portions of the Semaphore CI configuration. It runs the Rails tests and then uploads the coverage results as a Semaphore workflow artifact. After all the parallel tests have completed, it will run a job to collate the coverage results from all the machines.

.semaphore/semaphore.yml:

- name: "Rails Tests"
    task:
      jobs:
        - name: Rails
          parallelism: 10
          commands:
            - ./.semaphore/helpers/rails_tests.sh
      epilogue:
        always:
          commands:
            - ./.semaphore/helpers/upload_test_artifacts.sh
      secrets:
        - name: docker-hub
        - name: knapsack-pro-rails

- name: "Code Coverage"
  dependencies: ["Rails Tests"]
  task:
    env_vars:
      - name: SEMAPHORE_RAILS_JOB_COUNT
        value: "10"
    jobs:
      - name: Collate Results
        commands:
          - ./.semaphore/helpers/calc_code_coverage.sh
    secrets:
      - name: docker-hub

Below is the bash file which executes the Rails tests on each parallel machine. It sets up the Rails environment and then runs KnapsackPro in queue mode.

.semaphore/helpers/rails_tests.sh:

#!/bin/bash
set -euo pipefail

docker-compose -f docker-compose.semaphore.yml --no-ansi run \
  -e KNAPSACK_PRO_RSPEC_SPLIT_BY_TEST_EXAMPLES=true \
  -e KNAPSACK_PRO_TEST_FILE_PATTERN="spec/**/*_spec.rb" \
  ci bash -c "bin/rake ci:setup db:create db:structure:load knapsack_pro:queue:rspec['--no-color --format progress --format RspecJunitFormatter --out tmp/rspec-junit/rspec.xml']"

This is the bash file which is responsible for uploading the SimpleCov results from each machine. It compresses the coverage directory and uploads it to Semaphore.

.semaphore/helpers/upload_test_artifacts.sh:

if [ -d "tmp/rspec-junit" ]
then
  echo "Pushing rspec junit results"
  artifact push job tmp/rspec-junit --destination semaphore/test-results/
fi

if [ -d "coverage" ]
then
  echo "Pushing simplecov results"
  tar czf coverage_${SEMAPHORE_JOB_INDEX}.tgz -C coverage .
  artifact push workflow coverage_${SEMAPHORE_JOB_INDEX}.tgz
fi

Lastly, this is the bash file for collating all the results from Semaphore. It will download the coverage artifacts from each parallel machine and run a rake task which will collate them and then upload the results into a combined total_coverage.tgz file as shown below:

.semaphore/helpers/calc_code_coverage.sh:

#!/bin/bash
set -euo pipefail

for i in $(eval echo "{1..$SEMAPHORE_RAILS_JOB_COUNT}"); do
  artifact pull workflow coverage_$i.tgz;
  mkdir coverage_$i
  tar -xzf coverage_$i.tgz -C coverage_$i
done

docker-compose -f docker-compose.semaphore.yml --no-ansi run ci bash -c "bin/rake coverage:report"
tar czf total_coverage.tgz -C coverage .
artifact push workflow total_coverage.tgz

This coverage:report rake task will simply call SimpleCov.collate which will go through the coverage results in each folder and combine them into a single .resutset.json shown below

lib/task/coverage_report.rake:

namespace :coverage do
  desc 'Collates all result sets generated by the different test runners'
  task report: :environment do
    require 'simplecov'

    SimpleCov.collate Dir['coverage_*/.resultset.json']
  end
end

.resutset.json

{
  "rspec_ci_node_0, rspec_ci_node_1, rspec_ci_node_2, rspec_ci_node_3, rspec_ci_node_4, rspec_ci_node_5, rspec_ci_node_6, rspec_ci_node_7, rspec_ci_node_8, rspec_ci_node_9": {
    "coverage": { ... }
}

Summary

Finally here’s what your Semaphore workflow artifacts will look like. It will have a compressed coverage file generated on each machine and a total coverage file that we created at the very end:

Workflow Artifact

This approach can also be easily ported over to other CI providers by simply changing the artifact push and artifact pull commands to S3 or another CI specific artifact upload command.

I hope this article was useful to you. Let me know if you have any questions or feedback.

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